History of the Federal TRiO Programs
The history of TRIO is progressive. It began with Upward Bound, which emerged out
of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the administration's War on
Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part
of the Higher Education Act. In 1968, Student Support Services, which was originally
known as Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, was authorized by the Higher
Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs.
By the late 1960's, the term "TRIO" was coined to describe these federal programs.
Over the years, the TRIO Programs have been expanded and improved to provide a wider
range of services and to reach more students who need assistance. The Higher Education
Amendments of 1972 added the fourth program to the TRIO group by authorizing the Educational
Opportunity Centers. The 1976 Education Amendments authorized the Training Program
for Federal TRIO Programs, initially known as the Training Program for Special Programs
Staff and Leadership Personnel. Amendments in 1986 added the sixth program, the Ronald
E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program. Additionally, in 1990, the Department
created the Upward Bound Math/Science program to address the need for specific instruction
in the fields of math and science. The Upward Bound Math/Science program is administered
under the same regulations as the regular Upward Bound program, but it must be applied
for separately. Finally, the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001 amended
the Student Support Services (SSS) program to permit the use of program funds for
direct financial assistance (Grant Aid) for current SSS participants who are receiving
Federal Pell Grants.
The legislative requirements for all Federal TRIO Programs can be found in the Higher
Education Act of 1965, Title IV, Part A, Subpart 2. The requirements for the SSS Grant
Aid can be found in Public Law 106-554.
TRiO: STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
The program provides opportunities for academic development, assists students with
basic college requirements, and serves to motivate students toward the successful
completion of their postsecondary education. Students Support Services (SSS) projects
also may provide grant aid to current SSS participants who are receiving Federal Pell
Grants (# 84.063). The goal of SSS is to increase the college retention and graduation
rates of its participants and help students make the transition from one level of
higher education to the next.
TYPES OF PROJECTS
Projects include: instruction in basic study skills; tutorial services; academic,
financial, or personal counseling; assistance in securing admission and financial
aid for enrollment in four-year institutions; assistance in securing admission and
financial aid for enrollment in graduate and professional programs; guidance on career
options; mentoring and special services for students with limited English proficiency
(LEP); and college scholarships.
Information Provided By The U.S. Department of Education Website - www.ed.gov